Industrial revolution 4.0 is a hot topic that is mentioned in many economic, social, scientific and technological forums. We all know this is a revolution in smart manufacturing based on breakthrough achievements in the areas of artificial intelligence, virtual reality, mobile networks, the Internet of thing (IoT), cloud computing, 3D printing, biotechnology, nanotechnology,…with the breakthrough of digital technology. In this new revolution (4.0), the concept of virtual classroom, virtual teacher, virtual device will become a trend in many schools in the coming time. What kind of teachers will continue to exist and develop in this revolution? Can tradition and technology coexist?
In the knowledge-based and digitized society of the 21st century, education faces the enormous challenge of transition from traditional learning to methodological innovation. It poses a great demand for transforming teacher roles – the transmission of knowledge in a traditional way to the catalytic and coordinating role. In the digital age, the role of the teacher shifted from a mere point of view to the management of social behavior and emotion of the student, the mentor of learning to become a citizen of balanced development; Mechanical transmission for students with different degrees of speed in the digital environment.
The role of teachers in the XXI century becomes complex in a rapidly changing world; where knowledge is almost endless. Teachers must be technology oriented and responsible not only for teaching but also for learning. They have to take into account the needs of each student in a heterogeneous classroom, creating a student-centered learning environment that enhances creativity, curiosity, and learning motivation.
In order to adapt to the 4.0 Industrial Revolution, students need to be equipped with innovative capabilities, life-long learning and access to digital technology. In order to successfully integrate and respond to future work teachers must equip students with at least the following 5 skills (5Cs):
- Creativity: This is the highest thinking scale in Benjamin Bloom’s cognitive scale (Bloom’s Taxonomy Revised, 2002). Creative thinking will help students find solutions that are flexible, appropriate to the operating conditions that best serve the needs of the outside and the needs of the individual.
- Collaboration Skills: This is an important skill in integration, students must know cooperation, human-human interaction, between human and intelligent machines with the goal of survival, play develop and achieve common goals.
- Communication: The ability to communicate and communicate in the digital age will be the key to enabling students to quickly access the knowledge store and interact with people to accomplish their goals.
- Critical thinking: It is the ability to analyze, understand, summarize and reflect on oneself to expand knowledge, improve thinking ability and adapt to the best.
- Continuous learning: Lifelong learning (learning to learn, learn to work and learn to live) will help students to be ready to receive and access new innovative as well as capacity of thinking of themselves.
In addition, the teacher’s thinking and teaching must be out of the old way of thinking, first and foremost, the teacher must influence students’ critical thinking and learning style. The value of the teacher is not lecture but a guide, catalyst to help students to orient themselves in learning. The role of teachers shifted to a new and broader definition to meet the needs of the learning community.
In short, the teacher in the 4.0 revolution needs to understand that change is vital and must be accepted and he/she must be prepared for development.